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The main problems of transportation in Kazakhstan.
Published: 23.05.2020
Kazakhstan is located at the junction of Europe and Asia. It extends from the Volga in the west to the Altai mountains in the east and from the Siberian plain in the north to the Central Asian mountains of the Tien Shan in the south. How beautifully Kazakhstan can be described. And what is happening with the logistics in Kazakhstan, read on.

Aviation occupies a key place in the transport sector, given the large territory of the country and the presence of 23 airfields. Kazakhstan is increasing the level of service and competitiveness of its air carriers. By 2021, 18 airfields will comply with ICAO requirements.

Over 4,000 km of inland waterways and access to the Caspian Sea are important for the country's economy. By 2021, it is planned to increase the throughput capacity of Kazakhstan's seaports to 20.5 million tons and increase Kazakhstan's share in the sea transportation of goods across the Caspian Sea to 70%, as well as increase the volume of cargo transportation on inland waterways to 2.5 million tons and increase the volume transit cargo by water up to 1.5 million tons.

Creating a highly efficient logistics system and ensuring its integration into the international logistics system is important for Kazakhstan. In this regard, it is planned to occupy the fortieth position in the logistics efficiency index.

Given its location, Kazakhstan could become an important transit country.

Currently, this potential has not been fully utilized. Kazakhstan is in a good position to capitalize on freight flows between Europe and Asia. Currently, Chinese transit through Kazakhstan is small, since the bulk of imports from China to the European Union goes along the southern sea route. Estimates show that only 1% of cargo from China to Europe uses the land route (about 7 billion US dollars out of a total of about 697 billion US dollars). Having such good resources and an effective location on the map, our country was not able to reveal its full potential. So what can be done to increase the efficiency of logistics in Kazakhstan, we have provided information that experts say about this.

- To attract additional transit freight flows, Kazakhstan needs to create a modern transport infrastructure.

Currently, experts in Kazakhstan identify the following problems for the transport sector: limited international transportation, limited technological development, underdeveloped intermodal transportation, low level of transport and logistics services, insufficient number of vehicles and an outdated fleet. In addition, logistics, which makes a significant contribution to GDP in developed countries, is still in its infancy in Kazakhstan.

The main volumes of cargo transportation in international and domestic transportation are carried out by rail. Road transport is mainly used for regional transportation. The transportation of goods by sea and air was not properly developed. The volumes of transit traffic cannot be estimated due to lack of information. There is also no information on intermodal transport.

The main objectives of the development of the transport system of Kazakhstan for the coming years are:

  • Integration of the transport system into the Eurasian transport network
  • Further development of international rail and road freight transport
  • Increase in cargo transportation by inland waterways and sea
  • Increase in freight and passenger traffic by air
  • Intermodal transport development
  • Development and improvement of existing transport infrastructure